Friday, September 7, 2018

Essay on Diwali for Students and Kids in Hindi & English

Essay on Diwali

India is the country which celebrates many festivals. According to Hindu calendar, there is a festival in all months. There are different festivals for different religions. All the people celebrate their festivals according to their own culture and tradition.  Diwali is also known as Deepawali is one of the biggest festivals of Hindus in India. Diwali is the festival of lights. On this day, you will only see lights everywhere. This day is very auspicious and is celebrated with great enthusiasm all over India. The festival majorly falls in the month of October or November by English calendar and in the month o Kartik according to Hindu calendar.

Essay on Diwali


Hindus light up their homes and shops, to welcome the goddess Lakshmi, to give them good luck for the year ahead. A few days before Ravtegh, which is the day before Diwali, houses, buildings, shops and temples are thoroughly cleaned, whitewashed and decorated with pictures, toys and flowers. On the day of Diwali, people put on their best clothes and exchange greetings, gifts and sweets with their friends and family.


Diwali festival is basically a five days celebration. The five days of Diwali festival includes:

#1. Dhanteras: The first day of the celebration of Diwali festival is known as Dhanteras or Dhantrayodashi. On this day people buy utensils, gold and silver product as it is believed that purchasing these products on this special day may prosper our lives.

#2. Naraka Chaturdashi: The second day is also known as Choti Diwali. This day is celebrated by taking a bath with oil and applying kumkum on the forehead and worshiping Goddess Kaali and also worshiping Lord Krishna as he killed the demon Narkasur.

#3. Diwali: The third day is itself Diwali and is celebrated with great enthusiasm by worshiping Lord Ganesha and Lord Lakshmi for prospering life and also distributing sweets to friends and family.

#4. Govardhan Puja: On this day Lord Krishna is worshiped. The people make Govardhan with the cow dung at their doorsteps and worship.

#5. Bhai Dooj: this day is celebrated by the brothers and sister. On this day, sisters apply kumkum of Kesar on the forehead of their brothers and brothers give sisters gifts and promise them to take care of them.


At night, buildings are illuminated with earthen lamps, candle-sticks and electric bulbs. Sweets and toy shops are decorated to attract the passers-by. The bazaars and-streets are overcrowded. People buy sweets for their own families and also send them as presents to their friends and relatives. At night, the goddess Lakshmi, is worshiped in the form of earthen images and silver rupee. Hindus believe that on this day, Lakshmi enters only the houses which are neat and tidy. People offer prayers for their own health, wealth and prosperity. They leave the light on in buildings believing that Lakshmi will find no difficulty in finding her way in.

Pollution on Diwali

Together with the Diwali celebration, there is indirect increase in the environmental pollution all over the world because of the bursting of various types of firecrackers during this festival. Such firecrackers are very dangerous as they release toxic pollutants like sulphur dioxide, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and so many etc which gets intermingled into the air and causes variety of ailments like asthma, bronchitis, hypertension, etc. It affects the people of all age group however those people who already suffer any type of ailment. Together with the human beings, it also affects the lives of animals, birds and other living beings due to air and noise pollution.

However, now-a-days, there is a campaign run by the government to celebrate pollution free Diwali all over the country. Schools and various organizations also organizes various demonstrations prior to the celebration to educate and aware students for pollution-free festival. Environment and pollution departments also do many efforts by publishing pollution free news in the various newspapers to aware people and curb noise and air pollution because of firecrackers. Bursting sound-emitting firecrackers has been banned by the Supreme Court especially during 10pm to 6am.

Air and water pollution is also caused by the decay of remnants of fireworks and deluge of garbage like empty bottles, papers used to light off rockets, gift wrappers, dried flowers, etc at the nook and corners of the city. We all should practice celebrating the pollution free Diwali every year in order to save and enjoy the natural beauty of environment forever.

I hope you have enjoyed this very long essay on Diwali and this might be helpful for you. Please do share this page with your frinds through different social media sites. For now you can also check out some of these posts related to Happy Diwali 2018.

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